The Cause and Effect of PTSDPost-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD, is a terror-induced condition that happens to people who have experienced a traumatic event that usually includes violent acts. A traumatic event can be a one-time occurrence, such as a car accident. It may also be a repeated event, such as abuse. PTSD is often debilitating and can last for long periods if not treated. Many cases of PTSD have a delayed onset, with symptoms sometimes appearing over six months after the event occurred when the memory triggers them. With specific traumas such as school shootings and sexual abuse, the survivors of these tragic circumstances struggle with the most severe symptoms. Other causes of PTSD in teens can stem from prolonged bullying, natural disasters, excessive verbal or physical abuse, and witnessing violent acts. Nightmares, withdrawal, insomnia, racing heart, sweating, nausea, and intense anxiety are the main symptoms that can alert a parent that something is going on with their teen. The possibility of suicidal thoughts can become more prevalent the longer that PTSD lingers. Unfortunately, one of the ways that teens tend to cope with PTSD is by using drugs and alcohol. They believe that doing so allows them to forget the trauma and avoid the painful emotions and panic common with the disorder. Teens are also more likely to exhibit aggressive and impulsive behaviors due to their PTSD. When left untreated, the condition can impact just about every aspect of a teenager’s life. Long-term effects of PTSD can lead them to struggle in their day to day activities, resulting in:
- Poor grades at school
- Inability to participate in normal activities due to paralyzing fear
- Decreased concentration and focus
- Lost connections with loved ones
- Riskier behavior
The Connection Between PTSD and Substance AbusePTSD changes brain chemistry in much the same way substance abuse and addiction do. Often, these disorders form at the same time and feed off one another. The same trauma that caused PTSD can also trigger a substance use disorder. People with PTSD are more prone to violent outbursts and panic attacks, which can be difficult for family and friends to witness. Feelings of guilt over these outbursts can drive those with PTSD to self-medicate with drugs and alcohol. Continued use of alcohol or other drugs in this way can, of course, lead down the road to addiction, requiring the help of a teen substance abuse treatment center. Since PTSD impacts the parts of the brain associated with memory and emotions, someone with PTSD might react to a current environment that reminds them of past trauma. The brain responds as though the person is still in the past, triggering fear, anxiety, and stress. A healthy brain can tell the difference between memories and present experiences, but PTSD interferes with this process. Alcohol and drug addiction are also affected by memory. An addicted person’s brain is susceptible to triggers, places, and people associated with drug use that can lead to cravings. PTSD and addiction triggers can weave a trick web and intensify the symptoms of both disorders.
Contact Stonewater Today About Your Treatment OptionsFortunately, there is a cure for PTSD. Among other dual diagnosis treatment programs, Stonewater offers equine therapy and dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) to reduce the effects of PTSD in children and adolescents. DBT evolved as a way of helping individuals who have bipolar disorder. This treatment has become a common way of treating substance use as well. For more information on your therapy options, contact the boys’ mental health treatment center at Stonewater Adolescent Recovery Center today at 662.373.2828. Our team is on call to give you the guidance that you need.
Stonewater is a comprehensive dual-diagnosis treatment center addressing adolescent needs across a continuum of care. From fully supervised Withdrawal Management all the way to Residential Treatment, our customized adolescent care is built on the latest scientific research and proven techniques to increase the likelihood of successful outcomes. Learning about Stonewater Adolescent Recovery Center, you’ll find our founders have been there, where you are now, and understand that your child is an individual who needs an individualized recovery program providing safety, privacy, security, and success.